Even though millions of LASIK eye surgery procedures have been performed since it was approved by the FDA in 1999, the thought of laser eye surgery makes some people nervous. The best way to combat this fear is through information. The following article will provide you with what you need to know about the LASIK procedure. If you still have concerns about whether or not LASIK is right for you, contact Family Eye Physicians. Visit us or call today at 708-636-9393 with questions or to schedule an appointment.
What is LASIK Eye Surgery?
LASIK is an acronym. It stands for laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis. Lasers are the beams of light used in the procedure. In situ means “in position” and keratomileusis is the process where the cornea (the surface of the eye) is reshaped through surgery. Reshaping the cornea allows incoming light to focus more accurately on the retina.
LASIK surgery is performed in two steps. In step one, a very tiny circular flap is made in the cornea. The flap is lifted to allow the surgeon to perform the second step of the surgery. In step two, the eye surgeon uses a computer-guided laser to remove the tissue that is causing the vision problem. The flap is placed back and the cornea begins to heal.
What Vision Problems Does LASIK Eye Surgery Fix?
LASIK has been used to treat presbyopia and hyperopia (farsightedness), myopia (nearsightedness) and astigmatism. For nearsightedness, the cornea is flattened. For farsightedness, the cornea is steepened. For astigmatism, an irregular cornea is smoothed into normal shape.
What People Get Wrong About LASIK
There are several misconceptions about LASIK eye surgery that should be addressed.
LASIK Eye Surgery Cuts Into the Eye
One misconception about this type of surgery is that it cuts into the eye. This is a bit misleading. Lasers are used for this type of eye surgery because of their precision and the entire procedure focuses on the cornea. No other surrounding tissue is cut in the LASIK procedure.
Is LASIK Eye Surgery is Painful?
Numbing drops are used before and during the LASIK procedure so pain is minimal. Patients will feel a bit of pressure on their eyelids which must be held open during the procedure. Following the surgery, mild discomfort is not uncommon but typically lasts about five hours.
It is Dangerous to Move During LASIK Eye Surgery?
LASIK eye surgery is performed without putting the patient under anesthesia. The thought of being awake during surgery makes some people uncomfortable, so sedatives can be administered to help calm the nerves. The laser shuts off automatically when it senses abrupt movements so not there’s no need to worry about a sneeze causing a mishap.
Here’s the breakdown of what will happen the day (and week) of your LASIK eye surgery procedure:
Before Your Procedure
LASIK Step by StepOnce you are in the laser suite, you can expect the following steps:
After Your Procedure
Is LASIK Eye Surgery Right For You?
Contact Family Eye Physicians Laser Centers today for more information on LASIK eye surgery. Our team of expert doctors and eye care professionals serve patients in Buffalo Grove, Orland Park, Oak Lawn, and the Albany Park neighborhood of Chicago. Schedule an appointment online or call us today at 708-636-9393.