Cataract Surgery

What is a cataract?
Cataract Surgery | Family Eye PhysiciansA cataract is a clouding of an eyes natural crystalline lens. As a cataract becomes ripened it yellows in color making it hard to see through and dulls colors colors. Night driving can be come difficult and dangerous. Many people describe the cataract sensation as looking through wax paper.

Cataract Surgery
Cataract surgery has existed in this world for over a century, but it is the recent innovations in technology that have transformed this into a very safe and effective surgery. As a patient, it’s great to know that the success rate for cataract surgery is high when you are about to undergo this type of surgery. Cataract surgery is actually the most reimbursed medical surgery by Medicare today! Advanced artificial intraocular lenses inserted during Phacoemulsifaction have allowed cataract patients to recover more youthful eyesight. Instead of dealing with glasses after surgery some patients may have the choice to upgrade to a new premium type of lens that will enable vision at multiple distances. In addition to the new lens implants available, less invasive surgery techniques have come to fruition to enable much faster healing. Despite the effectiveness of the cataract surgery the preparation process may take weeks and various decisions will need to be made.

NOTE: Charles Kelman, MD had created the modern style of cataract surgery we use today known as Phacoemulsification in 1967.

Oak Lawn Cataract Surgery Chicago

Cataract Surgery Choices: Are you seeking a Chicago or Oak Lawn cataract surgeon?
Once you have decided to have cataract surgery you will have a number of important decisions to make. The first item on the agenda is to select a skilled cataract surgeon. If you are seeking a cataract surgeon in Chicago, the eye doctors at Family Eye Physicians would be more than happy to be your surgeons of choice. We have the most up to date and modern surgery techniques available to our patients and skilled Chicago cataract surgeon to help ensure a safe procedure. Once you have selected a cataract surgeon it is time to understand what lens implant option will be the best. It’s important to discuss your options with a qualified ophthalmologist. Your options will include monofocal lenses, multifocal IOL’s or accommodating lens implants. We thank you for considering Family Eye Physicians as an option for Chicago cataract surgery.

The Cataract Surgery Process: What happens during cataract surgery?
After the proper anesthesia and numbing of the eye your cataract surgeon will be ready to make a small incision in your eye about 3mm wide. Modern day cataract surgery is also called micro-surgery because the incision sizes have become so small. Once the incision is made, the cataract surgeon will insert a probe to break up the cloudy cataract and then remove the material. A suction tube will remove all of the loose debris and the capsular bag is prepared for the artificial IOL implant. The foldable IOL is then inserted through a tube and then unfolds once in place. Intraocular lenses will have haptics and “lens arms” to hold it in place. With the cataract removed and the IOL in place, light can once again travel unimpeded to the back of the eye and focus on the retina where the image is interpreted and transmitted to the brain. The end result is clear youthful vision.

Determining Your Cataract Lens Implant
An important part of your pre-operative process will involve choosing a lens implant. Implants are divided into 2 main categories

  • Monofocal
  • Multifocal/Premium Lens Implants

How do monofocal and multifocal lenses work?
Monofocal lens implants work when light enters the actual lens and it is bent to a specific focal point. As the power of the monofocal lens becomes stronger, its ability to bend light more sharply is increased. Because the lens is monofocal, the light can only be bent to one focus point at a time. The light from these lenses is bent to focus specifically on the retina of the eye
New lens implants are now available that can correct vision at near, intermediate and far distances. These types of lenses are commonly called “lifestyle lens implants” or premium lens implants and fall into the categories listed below. Multifocal, toric, and accommodating lens implants are all considered premium lens implants

IOL Comparison Chart

MONOFOCAL MULTIFOCAL ACCOMMODATING TORIC IOL
Traditional Lens ACRYSOF® IQ RESTOR®, Tecnis® IOL Crystalens® ACRYSOF® IQ Toric aspheric IOL
Provides good vision at one distance (typically far vision) Correct vision for near, far and intermediate distances Corrects vision for all ranges of vision using a hinged monofocal lens that moves within the eye like the natural lens of the eye Corrects for astigmatism after cataract surgery.
Requires reading glasses after surgery May substantially reduce the need for glasses* May substantially reduce the need for glasses for distance and intermediate vision* May substantially reduce astigmatism after cataract surgery
Covered by Medicare Partial coverage by Medicare (consult our staff) Partial coverage by Medicare (consult our staff) Partial coverage by Medicare (consult our staff)

 

*For more information regarding premium lens implants please visit our pages regarding premium lens implants

After cataract surgery
Most patients are concerned about the cataract surgery recovery process. Our doctors at Family Eye Physicians provide the best quality care and thoroughly explain what you can expect after cataract surgery. Recovery from cataract surgery is generally very quick. Most patients obtain better vision within the first 24 hours of the procedure. Itching and mild discomfort are normal after cataract surgery. Some fluid discharge is also common. Your eye may be sensitive to light and touch. If you have discomfort, your doctor can suggest treatment. After one or two days, any moderate discomfort should disappear. Complete visual recovery varies from patient to patient but most patients return to their every day activities within a day or two. If you have cataracts in both eyes, the second procedure will most likely be scheduled within a week or two. Your doctor will schedule exams to check on your progress. Each person heals differently so it is important to discuss the cataract surgery recovery with your eye doctor.

For a few days after surgery, your doctor may ask you to use eye drops to help healing and decrease the risk of infection. Ask your cataract eye doctor about how to use your eye drops, how often to use them, and what effects they can have. You will need to wear an eye shield or eyeglasses to help protect your eye. Avoid rubbing or pressing on your eye.

Serious complications are extremely rare but because it is a form of surgery, there are some potential risks involved. Our staff and cataract surgeons will provide you with additional information about the risks associated with cataract surgery and answer any of the questions you may have.

Cataract Conclusions

If you have any questions regarding cataract surgery in Chicago or would like to schedule a cataract evaluation please feel free to call us anytime. At Family Eye Physicians in Oak Lawn, Illinois we are very serious about our attention to detail and patient care. We hope to provide the same quality we have provided to many other people in Chicagoland.
 

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